How To Travel Within South America

South America is a melting pot of cultures and dance, from samba in Brazil, to the Argentine tango, this continent has soul with a Spanish flavour. It has everything from the world’s driest desert to tropical rainforests, snow-capped mountains, volcanoes, and colonial towns, and is one of the most bio-diverse continents with high-altitude cities. It is also home to coffee plantations, ancient civilisations such as the Incas, and the Amazon River.

It is a continent that is popular with backpackers but it’s not for the first-time solo as you do need some basic Spanish to get by (in the Spanish speaking countries). Saying that, many solo women travel within South America without any problems. The society is mainly a macho society so expect attention from males whether it’s just shouting “linda” from afar (which means beautiful) or asking you to dance. If you travel to rural areas they may not be used to seeing a woman alone so expect even more attention.

In the more developed cities such as San Jose, Medellin or Rio de Janeiro you can dress however you like. With local women showing off their curves there’s no need to dress conservatively in these cities. Crime is the biggest issue here so be careful of your belongings, and if you go off the beaten path buddy up with other travellers or take a tour.

This article covers a brief description of each country, budget, safety and how to travel around. If you are unsure how to travel within South America or which country to travel to, read on for more…

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How To Travel Within South America

How to Travel within South America

Travelling in the least developed countries of Bolivia, Peru, and Ecuador can be a culture shock especially in Bolivia. Firstly due to its poverty, and second because of its altitude. Although crime is increasing against foreigners Bolivia is still one of the safest places in South America. Being the cheapest means that it’s popular with other travellers so there are plenty of people to buddy up with.

Avoid taking any jungle tours alone and watch for petty thieves at market places and bus stations. Be careful at night during border crossings and in the city of Oruro. Steer clear of El Alto if you can as it has a reputation for pickpockets and robberies. 

Unlike Central America, South America has vast distances and flying from country to country is not the cheapest method to get around. Although LAN Airlines operate within many countries in South America, the routes are not generally direct. Costs of flying internationally can be expensive compared to flying internally within countries. A good tip here is to cross the borders by bus then fly within the countries to maximise your time and budget.

Although bus travel is the cheapest method of travelling around the continent you need to be cautious of your belongings on some of the border routes. Crossing from Colombia to Ecuador is safer during the day. If you have to travel overnight make sure that your route is safe. Night buses in Peru are safe and so is the route from Ecuador to Peru. If you do travel by bus, expect some routes to have curvy roads if you’re going through a mountain pass.

Hiring a car isn’t really advised as the traffic can be chaotic and you don’t want to be driving anywhere alone which is off the beaten track. There’s also the chance of being stopped by corrupt police so use other methods of transport if you can. If you have time, taking a river cruise through the Amazon is a unique way of getting from country to country. If you travel from Colombia to Brazil for example, you’ll need to allow a few days to get there.

Some islands are too far to travel by sea so if you want to visit San Andres, Easter Island, the Galapagos Islands or the Falkland Islands you have to fly instead.

How To Travel Within South America

The town of Zipaquirá near Bogota, home of the Salt Cathedral

Safest South American Countries for Solos

Safest Countries – Chile, Argentina

Most dangerous – Venezuela, British Guyana

Solo travel rating (out of 5 stars for ease of travelling around and safety)

Argentina – 4 stars

Brazil – 3 stars

British Guyana – 2 stars

Chile – 4 stars

Colombia – 3 stars

Easter Island – 4 stars

Ecuador – 3 stars

Falkland Islands – 4 stars

French Guiana – 2 stars

Galapagos Islands – 4 stars

Paraguay – 4 stars

Peru – 4 stars

Suriname – 3 stars

Venezuela – 1 star

This article also covers the safest countries countries in South America and gives the overall safety score and natural disaster index for each country.

How To Travel Within South America

Patagonia in Argentina

The Language Spoken in South America

Spanish = Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Uruguay, Venezuela. The easiest country to understand Spanish in is Colombia, the hardest is Chile. Argentina and Uruguay have their own accent and pronounce ‘ll’ as ‘sh’ instead of ‘y’

Dutch = Suriname

English = Guyana

French = French Guiana

Portuguese = Brazil

How To Travel Within South America

The harbour of Rio de Janeiro

Budget for South America

These budgets are based on a daily spend including accommodation (staying in a dormitory room in a hostel), food, water, transport (using local transport only), and leisure. You will need to add an additional cost if you prefer to stay in a private room. Prices are quoted in Pound Sterling (GBP) and converted to U.S. $ (the conversion rate can differ slightly).

Budget – From £20 to £100+

The cheapest countries are Bolivia, Ecuador and Colombia. The most expensive are The Falkland Islands, Uruguay, and Guyana.

Argentina – £45 / $60 USD

Bolivia – £20 / $26

Brazil – £40 / $51

Chile – £35 / $45

Colombia – £25 / $34

Ecuador – £23  / $30

Falkland Islands – £100+ / $135+ (it’s easier to take a tour over several days)

French Guiana – £60 / $80

Guyana – £45 / $60

Galapagos Islands – £60 / $80 (not including cruises)

Paraguay – £30 / $40

Peru – £25  / $34

Suriname – £50 / $67

Uruguay – £65 / $87

Venezuela – £25 / $34

How To Travel Within South America

Medellin in Colombia

Best Country To Visit in South America

With South America being a diverse continent you may want to plan your trip depending on what interests you. Below is a summary of what each country is known for to help you to decide which country to visit:

Argentina – Tango, steaks, wine, ancient caves, trekking, whale watching, Iguazu Falls, stunning scenery.

Bolivia – The highest national capital in the world, salt flats, traditions, salt hotels, volcanoes, coloured lakes, flamingos.

Brazil – Iguazu Falls, World’s largest inland wetlands, carnivals, Amazon, wildlife,, beaches, one of the most beautiful bays in the world.

Chile – Easter Island, star gazing, vineyards, glaciers, hiking, beaches, desert.

Colombia – Andes, coffee plantations, Amazon, Caribbean coastline, dancing.

Ecuador – Wildlife, Galapagos, jungle, chocolate, co ee, modern cities, water sports.

Falkland Islands – British, landscape, sea life.

French Guiana – Space station, Devil’s Island, leatherback turtles

British Guyana – Sugarcane plantations, rainforests, mining, wooden cathedral, waterfall

The Galapagos Islands – cruising islands and unique wildlife.

Paraguay – Rural villages, jaguars, waterfalls, zip-lining, UNESCO villages.

Peru – Mountain scenery, Incas, Aztecs, Machu Picchu, trekking,national parks, jungle, festivals, Lake Titicaca.

Suriname – Eco-tourism, tropical forest, nature reserves.

Uruguay – Beaches, cattle ranches, mountains, countryside

Venezuela – Angel Falls, Caribbean islands.

How To Travel Within South America

Brazil

Itineraries for South America

1 Week

Argentina & Uruguay – Buenos Aries, Montevideo, Colonia del Sacramento
Colombia – Bogota, fly to Medellin, fly to Cartagena, Santa Marta.

Patagonia – El Calafate, Glacier National Park, El Chalten, Rio Blanco Base Camp, El Chalten, El Calafate.

2 Weeks

Ecuador & Galapagos – Quito, San Cristobal Island, South Plaza Island, North Seymour Island, Chinese Hat, Las Bachas, Santa Cruz Island, Floreana Island, Espanola Island, Cerro Brujo, Kicker Rock, San Cristobal, Quito.
Brazil & Argentina – Buenos Aires, Iguazu Falls, Paraty, Ilha Grande, Rio de Janeiro.

Peru – Lima, fly to Cusco, Sacred Valley, Ollantaytambo, Inca Trail, Machu Picchu.

3 Weeks

Argentina to Brazil – Buenos Aires, Colonia, Montevideo, Iguazu Falls, Paraty, Ilha Grande, Rio de Janeiro.

Peru to Ecuador – Lima, Paracas, Nazca, Arequipa, Colca Canyon, Cusco, Sacred Valley, Ollantaytambo, Machu Picchu, Cusco, Puno, Lake Titicaca, La Paz.

Amazon & Ecuador – Quito, Tena, Banos, Alausi, Guayaquil, Guayas River, Puerto Lopez, Machalilla National Park, Quito, San Clemente, Otavalo, Quito.

Colombia – Bogota, Villa de Leyva, Armenia, Calarca, Cocora Valley, Salento, Medellin, fly to Cartagena, Santa Marta, Minca, Taganga, Tayrona National Park, Lost City trek, Santa Marta.

One month

Peru to Brazil – Lima, Paracas, Nazca, Arequipa, Chivay, Colca Canyon, Cusco, Sacred Valley, Ollantaytambo, Machu Picchu, Cusco, Puno, Lake Ti caca, La Paz, Uyuni, Salt Flats, Potosi, Sucre, Santa Cruz, Puerto Suarez, Corumba, Pantanal, Bonito, Iguazu Falls, fly to San Paulo, Paraty, Ilha Grande, Rio de Janeiro.

Cartagena to Quito – Cartagena, Santa Marta, Lost City trek, Taganga, Minca, Tayrona National Park, Santa Marta, Cali, Pereira, Manizales, Medellin, Bogota, fly to Quito, Cotopaxi, Otavalo, Quito.

* My first trip to South America was with G Adventures on their Southern Divide tour. Over 3 weeks we travelled from Peru to Bolivia and overland to Chile. The tour was amazing and I definitely recommend them if you are feeling nervous about travelling to this part of the world alone.

Click here for South American itineraries, prices, and start dates

How To Travel Within South America

Argentina

There is more to Argentina than the leg-flicking tango and the Falkland Islands. The Argentines enjoy good wine and fantastic steaks, and are passionate about their culture.

The south of Argentina has stunning lakes and fjords within the Patagonia region, making this an ideal place to explore if you are a nature solo.

On the whole, Argentina is a great destination for solo females. Buenos Aires and other cities and towns are safe and there is a good travellers network in the country. Locals are friendly especially the younger generation who are open to mixing with travellers. The only thing to be aware of are the stray dogs that hang around some of the bus stations. Just be cautious when approaching them.

Argentina isn’t that cheap to travel so be prepared that travelling here will eat into your budget. Airlines such as Aerolineas and LADE fly domestically within the country but buses are generally less as expensive (although they still are costly).

There are bus companies for long-distance travel and some with fully reclinable seats. If you can’t afford a seat that goes all the way back (a coma), then take a semi-cama instead which is still comfortable. Buy your ticket before if you plan to travel in the high season, or opt for a South Pass which allows unlimited travel for a number of days and starts from $80 per trip.

There are tourist trains such as the Tren a las Nubes which runs from Salta through Santa Rosa de Tastil and San Antonio de los Cobres (and more) back to Salta. Or you can take La Trochita which is a steam train known as the Old Patagonian Express. The ride takes 3.5 hours from El Bolsón to Esquel.

In towns it’s easier to opt for shared taxis which operate on fixed routes and leave when the taxi is full.

If you prefer boat rides there are boats on the Patagonia side which take you into Los Glaciares National Park and Nahuel Huapi National Park. The distances in Argentina can be very long so plan your trip with rest days if you are travelling overland.

Check Rome2Rio for travel within Argentina

Best time to go to Argentina – October to June.

Highlights:

  • See fjords in Patagonia
  • Get inspired at Iguazu Falls on the Argentine side
  • Sample Argentina’s wines in a winery
  • Dance the tango in Argentina

Click here for Argentina itineraries, prices, and start dates

How To Travel Within South America

The Bolivian Altiplano (photo @ Leonora Enking)

Bolivia

Bolivia may be poor but it is rich in scenery. La Paz is the highest capital in the world and is home to the witches market, a spooky place with potions and skulls. Death Road is an attraction with bikers who come to experience the thrill of one of the world’s most dangerous roads.

The highlight of Bolivia are the Uyuni Salt Flats. These blinding white surfaces are the world’s largest salt flats and can be reached on a day trip from the small town of Uyuni through one of the many tour agencies.

The best way to see the salt flats and the bubbling geysers and red lakes of the Bolivian Altiplano is with a 4×4 tour which takes you overland. This is also a good way to travel overland from Bolivia to Chile through the Atacama Desert. Bolivia does have a poor road system so a 4×4 jeep tour is an ideal way to travel around.

The buses here are cheap and give you the true local experience but expect to see some poverty at bus stations and also on the buses. Most routes don’t have bathroom stops so expect to travel for a few hours without being able to get off. There are direct buses from Copacabana to La Paz for example. There is a Bolivia bus-train that will take you from Sucre to Potosi. It’s a converted bus that runs along the railway which is quicker (the actual bus will take 4 hours) and cheaper.

There are trains here but they are generally slower than buses. Flying can be quite costly so consider taking a tour if you don’t fancy a rough bus ride.

Check Rome2Rio for travel within Bolivia

Best time to go to Bolivia – April to October.

Highlights:

  • Get spooked at the witches market
  • See the salt flats (Salar de Uyuni)
  • Potosi mines

Click here for Bolivia itineraries, prices, and start dates

How To Travel Within South America

Brazil

With a country the size of Brazil, it’s wise to plan a route if you are limited on time. Brazil is huge!

Most people visit Rio de Janeiro which is home to two of the Seven Wonders of the World – the Christ the Redeemer, and the Harbour of Rio de Janeiro. Travellers also flock here for the famous Copacabana Beach and Sugarloaf Mountain.

Foz do Iguaçu is another population destination as the gateway Iguazu Falls, one of the most magnificent waterfalls in the world (shared with the border of Argentina). Then there’s Salvador with an Afro-Brazilian culture and the financial centre of Sao Paulo.

Escape the cities and relax at Ilha Grande, one of Brazil’s most beautiful islands or head north into the Amazon Rainforest to learn more about this mighty river and see the wildlife which lives there.

You do need to be careful in this country as it has a high crime rate so don’t walk around with any valuables on show and be careful at ATMs.

If you step outside of the main tourist destinations and cities, you may not encounter many other travellers. Take caution if you go off the beaten track, especially if you want to go deep into the jungle. Look for larger groups or team up with fellow travellers if you want to explore lesser-trodden routes.

Brazilians are really friendly but knowing some Portuguese phrases will help here as they don’t speak much Spanish or English.

Brazil offers air passes to make the most of flying around the country and you can buy tickets within the airport or shopping malls with Tam, a local airline. Trains offer a more scenic route than some of the bus journeys which can be up to 36 hours in some places but you can get different classes on buses. If you’re on a budget take an economy bus which are actually quite comfortable or there’s deluxe buses for those who prefer more comfort.

Check Rome2Rio for travel within Brazil

Best time to go to Brazil – March to June.

Highlights:

  • Rio Carnival in March 2019
  • The stunning Iguazu Falls
  • Christ de Reedemer
  • Rio de Janeiro Harbour

Click here for Brazil itineraries, prices, and start dates

How To Travel Within South America

Chile

Chile is a beautiful country with welcoming locals. Known for its vineyards, endless stretches of northern beaches, and the Atacama Desert – the driest desert in the world, this South American country is both safe and extremely scenic.

Santiago, is a sprawling capital so choose which area you want to stay in. Bellavista is a funky area with many cafes and bars making it easy to meet others. Valparaiso is nearby and just a 1.5 hour bus ride from the capital. This port city is known for its colourful clifftop houses. Then there is Iquique for the beach, sand dunes and waves, and Chile’s very own lake district which stretches from Puerto Montt to Temuco.

The Chilean fjords are in Patagonia and you can take sailing trips through this region of fjords and glaciers. Torres del Paine is on the Southern tip. This is one of the most gorgeous places to visit in the country. You can trek, or take a van or catamaran tour through the national park to see breathtaking glaciers and green lakes.

Distances can be far here but the country does have great overnight buses and the routes are scenic and comfortable. The buses aren’t that cheap though and can take hours especially if you are travelling south.

For internal flights look at different airports with Sky Airlines. Sometimes it can be cheaper to fly from an alternative airport and take a bus to that destination. Locals hitchhike here, but like anywhere use your own discretion and follow your gut instinct if you decide to join them. Getting to Patagonia, however, is a different story. There is no direct road from Chile so taking a flight or a boat is the only option. Although once you’re there, you can sail around the fjords.

Check Rome2Rio for travel within Chile

Best time to go to Chile – September to April.

Highlights:

  • Atacama Desert
  • Explore Torres del Paine National Park, Chile.
  • Take the 6 hour flight to Easter Island, the world’s most isolated inhabited island known for its giant moai statues and named after the day it was discovered.

Click here for Chile itineraries, prices, and start dates

How To Travel Within South America

Colombia

Colombia, once declared too dangerous to travel to, is now a magical realism for tourists with Caribbean beaches, coffee plantations and the Amazon.

Bogota is the capital and although some areas can be a bit sketchy La Candelaria is a safe, vibrant area with bars and restaurants. Visit the Salt Cathedral in Zipaquira, or the Tatacoa Desert a six hour ride away from Bogota. The coffee region is the perfect place if you are in search of some nature. Take a finca tour in Salento, or hike through the Valle del Cocora to see giant wax palms and hummingbirds.

Medellin is an amazing city with stunning views from the Metrocable. Explore the lakes of Guatape on a day trip then head to Cali, home of Colombia’s salsa dancing. The Caribbean coast is a must-see. Spend time in Cartagena admiring the colourful old town then hike through Tayrona National Park or experience the Lost City Trek if you have four extra days to hike.  Colombia also has the Amazon with Leticia as its gateway to the river.

Although Colombia gets a bad rap in the press, the majority of areas are fine for a solo female. Safety has improved over the last decade but if you walk around with valuables on show, you are more likely to be robbed. Avoid certain areas, especially the more remote areas and ask locals for advice on which places to avoid.

There are cases of buses being held up so avoid night buses on particular routes such as Bogota to Quito. Instead travel during the day across the border.  Only carry as much money as you need and don’t keep all your credit cards on you. There is guerrilla activity within parts of the Amazon so avoid exploring by yourself.

Collectivos (mini buses) operate within Colombia. The cities of Bogota and Medellin have a great transport system with the metro and bus services. If you take a taxi use a taxi app and avoid hailing one in the street in Bogota. It’s fine to get one on the road in Medellin. Buses will take you across the country although you can find internal flights for a similar price (without the additional cost of your luggage). Most of Colombia is mountainous so be prepared for some windy journeys.

Check Rome2Rio for travel within Colombia

Best time to go to Colombia – December to February.

Highlights:

  • Relax on San Andres Island.
  • Take the Metrocable in Medellin for amazing views of the city
  • Stay overnight in the stunning Tayrona National Park

Click here for Colombia itineraries, prices, and start dates

How To Travel Within South America

Ecuador

Ecuador may be small but that doesn’t stop it being diverse. From the colonial town of Quito to white water rafting in Tena, there is much to see.

Hike the Quilotoa Lagoon, go mountain biking at Cotopaxi Volcano, or get really adventurous at Banos where you can zip line to your hearts’ content, whitewater raft down the river or just relax in one of the hot springs. There are so many waterfalls here that the whole ambience is relaxing enough. You can pay a visit to one of Ecuador’s indigenous tribes from Banos.

Ecuador is relatively safe but just avoid certain areas of Quito at night. Be careful at bus stations and on buses and keep your belongings close to you.

Allow plenty of time to get from place to place in Ecuador. The buses are cheap (approximately $1 an hour) but you can find yourself on a bus for hours or having to backtrack because of the bus routes. Because of the mountainous regions, roads here can also be curvy. Expect some high altitude too. It's easy to cross the border to Peru. Night buses operate from Loja with Loja Internacional, leaving at 11pm and arriving at Piura where you can take another bus to Mancora on the Peruvian coast. 

To reach Ecuador’s Amazon, there are buses from Quito to Tena that take approximately 6 hours. Flying is easier as it only takes 30 minutes. There are daily flights from Quito and Lago Agrio (they don't operate on Sundays). It’s better to get a tour into the Amazon rather than travelling solo here.

Getting to the Galapagos Islands is best done by flying. You can take a flight from Guayaquil instead of Quito which will save you some cash as well as flying into Santa Cruz and flying out of San Cristobal and travelling overland between. You can get between the islands via speedboat and take a tour around them.

Check Rome2Rio for travel within Ecuador

Best time to go to Ecuador – June to September

Highlights:

Click here for Ecuador itineraries, prices, and start dates

How To Travel Within South America

The Galapagos Islands

The Galapagos Islands are welcoming to travellers and have a laid-back vibe. The Galapagos are world-famous and although there are 61 islands, there are only 13 main islands with Isabela being the largest.

The islands are known for their rich ecosystems and an abundance of wildlife including sea lions, giant tortoises, flamingos, and albatross. Not to mention colonies of birds including the blue-footed boobies. The majority of Isabela (the main island) is only accessible with a tour guide which means you need to buy a tour at approx $130. This is on top of the national park fee you pay when you enter the islands.

You can find free walking trails where you can see pelicans, sea lions, marine iguanas, and  giant tortoises without a guide. You can hire bikes to get around the main island. To island hop independently, boats cost approx $35 and take 2.5 hours from San Cristobal for Santa Cruz at 7am or 3pm. They return back from Santa Cruz to San Cristobal at 7am or 2pm. Santa Cruz seems to be the main hub for the boats for all the islands.

Galapagos Conservancy has a detailed guide to each of the islands so you can decide which one to stay on.

The Galapagos Islands are known for cruises and there are several tour companies. G Adventures offers a Galapagos Land & Sea adventure which explores the north and central islands aboard a vessel called Estrella Del Mar. Prices start from €1735 for 7 days from Quito.

Highlights:

  • Taking a cruise around the Galapagos Islands
  • See the giant tortoises at Charles Darwin Research Station in Puerto Ayora.
  • See the Blue-footed boobies (a bird with blue-coloured feet)

Click here for Galapagos itineraries, prices, and start dates

How To Travel Within South America

A Gentoo penguin on Carcass Island, The Falklands (photo @ Anita Ritenour)

Falkland Islands

The Falkland Islands are a group of islands off the coast of Argentina. There has been continuous conflict over the ownership of the islands with the most well known being the Falklands War in 1982. The islands remain under British control.

The islands aren’t known as a prime destination so the infrastructure isn’t really there but there are taxi companies on the main two islands and a ferry which departs from New Haven to Port Howard.

The Falkland Islands are hilly and known for being windy so they are not the destination to head to for sunbathing. However, if you are interested in wildlife, birds and penguins, and are missing fish ’n’ chips then head to the Falklands.

Flights operate here once a week from Chile but the cheapest flights tend to be from the United Kingdom.

Best time to go to Falkland Islands – October to March

Highlights:

  • The colony of King penguins

Click here for Falkland Islands itineraries, prices, and start dates

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La Comte River, French Guiana (photo @ amanderson2)

French Guiana

French Guiana is an unusual place. This small piece of land in the northeast of South America is part of France.

You can travel by boat from Suriname across the Maroni River border to Saint Laurent du Maroni, French Guiana. This border town has a colourful fruit and vegetable market on Wednesdays and Saturdays. It is also home to Camp de la Transportation, a former prison camp with displays of the lives of the 70,000 convicts.

Kourou is home to the Guiana Space Center but tours are in French. Cayenne is the capital with Creole-style houses and a food market on a Friday night. There isn’t that much here except a nice waterfront and an old fort. The territory does have three nature reserves, a botanic garden and Devil’s Island so it is ideal for those who love nature. Be prepared not to meet many other solos here though.

The tourism infrastructure isn’t really in place making it difficult to get around. There are small boats which operate along the waterways. To travel overland there are minibuses but they aren’t that frequent so you need to plan your journey wisely.

Check Rome2Rio for the best ways to get around French Guiana

Best time to go to French Guiana – August to December

Highlights:

  • Camp de la Transportation
  • Relax on Devil’s Island

How To Travel Within South America

Guyana

Guyana sits in the northeast of South America bordering Suriname, Venezuela and Brazil. The majority of the country is covered in rivers and rainforest with howler monkeys and tropical birds taking refuge in its vegetation.

Georgetown is the capital and there isn’t much to do here except walk along the seawall and see St George’s Cathedral – one of the world’s biggest wooden cathedrals. Outside of the city you’ll find the spectacular Kaieteur Falls, and the Iwokrama Canopy Walkway.

Minibuses travel around the country but it’s not advisable to travel at night. Ferries operate across the main rivers.

If you do travel here from Suriname fly instead of crossing illegally on the water border.

It isn’t usually on a South American bucket list and unless you go with an organised tour I wouldn’t recommend going here independently. There is crime in the capital so there is safety in group travel.

Check Rome2Rio for the best ways to get around Guyana

Best time to go to Guyana – January to April

Highlight:

  • Kaieteur Falls

How To Travel Within South America

Paraguay

Paraguay is sandwiched between Brazil, Bolivia and Argentina. It has had its share of wars on the continent plus a civil war in 1947 and a long dictatorship which only recently ended in the late 20th century. The country is more for the intrepid solo as you may not encounter many other solos.

Although it is bordered by other countries, the Paraguay River runs from the North to the South and divides the country into two regions. Asunción is Paraguay's capital. It is home to half a million people and was founded in 1537. The capital has a stunning pink palace, a colourful neighbourhood called Loma San Jerónimo and a promenade with a small sandy beach. Just be careful here at night.

Get outside of the capital and the Eco Reserva Mbatoví is the place for some adventure. As well as being home to armadillos it’s also the destination for zip lining and abseiling. Or you can just walk across the hanging bridges instead. Ybycuí is another national park with howler monkeys and colourful birds. Stay on a ranch, go horse riding in the mountains or visit the ruins of Jesuit colonies.

You can travel by bus from Asuncion to Cuidad del Este on the border of Brazil. From here it’s a short bus or taxi ride to Foz du Iguazu where you can see the Iguazu Falls. Buses are the easiest way to get around and there are small minibuses too. There are internal flights down to Cuidad del Este if you prefer not to take the overnight bus there. International buses also operate from Chile, Argentina, Uruguay and Brazil.

Check Rome2Rio for the best ways to get around Paraguay

Best time to go to Paraguay – June to August.

Highlights:

  • See the flamingos at Central Chaco Lagoons

How To Travel Within South America

Peru

Peru is one of the most travelled to destinations in South America with many people coming here for Machu Picchu, the ancient Inca city. There is so much to see here from Lake Titicaca which Peru shares with Bolivia to the Nazca Lines – large ancient geoglyphs in the Nazca Desert.

Lima is Peru’s capital. In the heart of Old Lima you can find the cathedral, museums and the Archbishop’s Palace. The best place to stay here to meet others is the coastal district of Miraflores with a cool promenade.

There is so much history in Peru. Visit the Sacred Valley, the red walls of Pisca, and Ollantaytambo – a well-preserved fortress that looks over the river valley.

Cuzco is the city of churches but you can also do adventure sports here too. Then there are the floating islands where you can visit the indigenous Uros tribe on Lake Titicaca. The coast of Peru is known for surfing so spend some time in Mancora or Huanchaco if you want to experience the beach and waves.

Peru can appear not as friendly as other South American countries. Begging is increasing within the tourist destinations, and as a solo you may encounter stares from the locals. As in any other city be careful with your belongings in Lima and don’t walk about at night (Cuzco is much safer). The north of Peru does not have that many tourists and parts of the country are out of bounds, so check Foreign Office advice or use a tour company if you are unsure of where to travel.

If you are travelling solo in Peru, not all indigenous villagers will welcome you; some remote Andean villages, which live in complete isolation are not keen on visitors so stick to the tourist route when travelling alone or hire a Quechua speaking guide for the more remote areas.

You can experience altitude sickness here so be careful if you’re exploring places alone if you’re feeling unwell.

Surprisingly Peru has a great bus network. The night buses here are the easiest way to get around as the distances can be long. On night buses an evening meal, blanket and pillow is usually included (even if you just choose a ‘semi-cama’ seat). PeruRail operate the trains which depart from Aguas Calientes to Cuzco.

You can also fly internally if you have limited time to see everything. Be careful if you fly from Lima to Cusco as you could experience altitude sickness when you arrive. Allow a couple of days longer here to acclimate to the height.

Check Rome2Rio for the best ways to get around Peru

Best time to go to Peru – April to May

Highlights:

  • Machu Picchu
  • The ruins at Ollantaytambo
  • The Uros people on Lake Titicaca
  • Take a flight over the Nazca Lines

Click here for Peru itineraries, prices, and start dates

How To Travel Within South America

Suriname

Surprisingly Suriname is a great eco-destination. More than 90% of the land is covered by rainforest. The Amazon River runs through this former Dutch colony.

Paramaribo is an interesting capital with old wooden colonial buildings but there isn’t much tourism in the city centre except a big tourist sign saying ‘I love Suriname.’ You will find a mix of religious buildings here from Hindu temples, to mosques, synagogues and churches, and interesting colonial buildings along the riverbank to stroll past. 

You can also spot turtles and dolphins in its waters and take a tour to get up close and personal to the sea life.

Venture away from the capital and explore the nature along the Amazon River. Stay in a jungle lodge along the riverbank for just long enough to get your nature fix before heading back to the city.

Suriname is one of the worse places in South America for attention. Expect to hear men of all ages making the “pssst” sound as you walk past. This isn’t just aimed at foreigners as the local girls receive it too. Just be prepared for it before you arrive. 

Suriname can be expensive due to a lack of tourists but there are mini-bus es here and two local airlines.

Check Rome2Rio for the best ways to get around French Guiana

Best time to go to Suriname – August to November.

Highlights: 

  • Stay in an eco retreat along the Amazon River.
  • Colonial buildings in Paramaribo.

How To Travel Within South America

Uruguay

Uruguay is one of the smallest countries in South America. It has a similar culture to Argentina with a similar sounding Spanish accent. The people are laid back and are proud of their country.

Montevideo is the country’s quirky capital. It’s worth doing a walking tour here to learn more about the legends of this capital. The Palacio Salvo is their most impressive building, designed with a lighthouse on top. Check out the Uruguayan walk of fame too.

Colonia del Sacramento is a gorgeous little place with cobbled streets and a UNESCO historic quarter. It doesn’t take long to look around but is worth taking the 3.5 hour bus ride here from the capital. There are also boats direct here from Buenos Aires if you are travelling from Argentina.

Salto is the second largest city with nice walks along the river or head to Termas del Dayman to relax in some hot springs. Punta del Este is Uruguay’s swanky beach resort where you can sunbathe during the summer months. There is also something for the wildlife solo as the beach of Cabo Polonia has a large sea lion colony, which you can reach by 4×4.

You can reach Uruguay from Buenos Aires on a ferry for approximately $60 and once you’re there, they have an extensive bus network. Avoid hiring a car which can be expensive and travel any long distances by bus. There’s a train that will take you to Santa Lucia but it only leaves once a day and other trains only carry cargo

Check Rome2Rio for the best ways to get around Uruguay

Best time to go to Uruguay – December to March.

Highlights:

  • Cobbled streets of Colonia del Sacramento

Click here for Uruguay itineraries, prices, and start dates

How To Travel Within South America

Venezuela

Travelling to neighbouring Venezuela is a country off the beaten path. Travelling around Venezuela is currently unsafe with most travellers sticking to Isla de Margarita. Outside of here there’s virtually no travellers. If you do get a chance to visit Venezuela when it becomes less dangerous, flying is exceptionally cheap and beats the air conditioning that you get on the buses.

Best time to go to Venezuela – December to April.

Highlights: 

  • Angel Falls

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